Spend any time in Westchester, and you’re sure to see many houses of worship — more than 600, actually, according to the most recent www.westchestergov.com numbers. From churches and synagogues to a mosque and a Hindu temple in Yonkers to a Buddhist center with outposts in Irvington and Mount Kisco, there are places for people of almost any religion and denomination to practice their beliefs.
But while the buildings are there — open and ready for their adherents — how many people faithfully show up?
There’s no denying that the importance of religion has changed in recent years. According to the Pew Research Center’s Religious Landscape Study, which surveyed some 35,000 people across the country, 53% of people called religion “very important” in their lives in 2014 versus 56% in 2007. Correlating with that, people who said religion was “not at all important” rose from 7% in 2007 to 11% in 2014.
The look of religion across the country has shifted, too: According to the Religious Landscape Study, the number of people who identify as Christian fell from 78.4% in 2007 to 70.6% in 2014. “Over the same period, the percentage of Americans who are religiously unaffiliated — describing themselves as atheist, agnostic, or ‘nothing in particular’ — has jumped more than six points, from 16.1 percent to 22.8 percent,” says America’s Changing Religious Landscape, one of the Pew Center’s reports discussing the results of the Religious Landscape Study. They also point out the uptick in faiths outside of Christianity.
But what about locally? While the 2007 version of the study didn’t look at metropolitan areas, it did in 2014. In the New York City metro area — of which Westchester is a part — 48% of people called religion “very important” in their lives. While that number is less than the nationwide average, it’s still close to half the population — which is significant.
Religion In Action
Anna Varghese, a Scarsdale resident and a member of St. George Orthodox Church of Westchester in Port Chester, falls into the category of those who cite religion as being very important.
“I would say religion is a way of life for me,” says Varghese. “I give utmost importance to my religion and my faith.” Originally from India, Varghese converted to Syrian Orthodox from Protestant after getting married. She credits her church community with helping her grow spiritually, strengthen her health and relationships, and navigate difficult situations.
This idea of community — and the seeking out of it — is a large reason why Westchesterites (and people overall) continue to frequent places of worship. “Religion is inherently involved in community,” says Peter Gardella, a professor of world religions at Manhattanville College, explaining that certain life events, like having kids, may have people turning back to a religious community.
On average, how often do you attend religious services?
Charlene Bodner, a White Plains resident who grew up Catholic and converted to Judaism as an adult, visited numerous synagogues in the area with her husband before their first child was born. But it was when Bodner was looking for a preschool for their second child that she came upon Congregation Kol Ami in White Plains. During Shabbat service one Saturday morning, Kol Ami’s Rabbi Shira Milgrom welcomed them — and then introduced the whole congregation to MeMe, Bodner’s son’s favorite stuffed animal, taking MeMe to help lead the service. “It was a special moment, and we just knew Congregation Kol Ami was the place we belonged,” Bodner says.
Today, Bodner teaches first grade at Kol Ami’s religious school. And the school is just one of the many community programs offered. “We have a million things going on,” says Rabbi Milgrom, who has been with the congregation for 33 years — from adult-learning programs to parenting classes and more. She says that while the congregation’s membership has remained stable, involvement has definitely seen an uptick.
“People are attracted to the institution whose vision inspires them or with which they connect best.”
—Rabbi Chaim Marder, Hebrew Institute of White Plains
When Ali Javed, PhD, chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Upper Westchester Muslim Society, first moved to Chappaqua in 1990, he and his young family would travel to the Westchester Muslim Center in Mount Vernon, which was one of the only Muslim centers in the area at the time (and still there today). Javed, a human geneticist, wanted his young children to learn about the Quran, how to pray, and the values of the faith.
Other area Muslims were also making the trek from upcounty — and even farther north. Soon, new centers opened, including the Upper Westchester Muslim Society in 1997. These days, the center is renting space in the First Congregation Church in Chappaqua, though they are currently raising funds to build a permanent location.
Previously, the Mount Vernon center would have sufficed, but no longer, Javed says, noting that there are now a dozen smaller centers in the area. The growing Muslim population has been able to sustain them. While Muslims make up only .9% of the population nationwide (up from .4% in 2007), according to the Religious Landscape Study, in the New York City metro area, it’s 3%.
With which religious beliefs do you most associate?
There are other pockets of change, as well, including within the Orthodox Jewish community.
Rabbi Chaim Marder — who has been at the Hebrew Institute of White Plains, a Modern Orthodox congregation, since 1995 — says there has been a modest and steady increase in numbers and a big change within the congregation itself, which has grown younger and much more involved. For instance, he says, 20-plus years ago, there might have been about 100 adults and some children on a Sabbath morning. Today, there are about 200 adults, with nearly 100 kids.
To what does he attribute the increased interest among the congregation? A clearly articulated vision, Marder says, has helped attract people. And in general, he notes, there are the usual reasons why people pick Westchester, like quality of life and strong schools. Plus, “Each of the Orthodox communities has developed its own character… people are attracted to the institution whose vision inspires them or with which they connect best,” he explains.
Religion In Action
One of the most salient points of the Pew study is that the percentage of people who identify as Christian has gone down. “The drop in the Christian share of the population has been driven mainly by declines among mainline Protestants and Catholics,” according to America’s Changing Religious Landscape.
Catholics, for example, went from 23.9% of the population to 20.8%. And while Evangelical Protestants make up the largest Christian denomination nationwide, in our region, it’s Catholicism. Of Christians in the New York City metro area, the largest group, at 33%, is Catholic.
At the Church of St. Eugene in Yonkers, Father Matthew Fernan, who’s been the pastor there the past four years, says there are about 2,000 registered families, with about 1,400 attending mass every week. “Just like everything else, a parish has an ebb and flow,” he says. These days, they’re in what he describes as a “grandparents community.”
He finds changing demographics to be one of the contributing factors: In decades past, larger families meant there were simply more people to attend church — and many of the kids in those families have since moved away from the area.
How religious do you think Westchester residents are today as compared to the past?
But, he calls Catholicism “very, very strong here in Westchester” — and, when it comes to the Greater NYC area, the stats don’t disagree: Of Catholics in the area, 58% describe religion as being “very important” in their lives, with some 40% attending services at least once a week.
Kataliya Caiazzo of White Plains had an atypical religious experience growing up, which she feels was seminal to her spiritual development. Her father was Catholic; her mother was Buddhist; she was raised Catholic. “I truly believe I grew up in a very special and very unique environment,” Caiazzo says. “My exposure to more than one religion, I believe, has given me a stronger value system and a greater respect for all religion, and in general, a greater acceptance of differences.”
Today, she and her husband are raising their children Catholic, which she feels provides a solid value system. “Our children will have the values of Catholicism and will be able to make a choice of what they would like to follow when they are adults,” she says.
At Memorial United Methodist Church in White Plains — which falls under Mainline Protestant — Reverend Siobhan Sargent, the senior pastor who has been at the church for close to three years, says there are about 120 people on their roster, with active attendance closer to between 50 and 60. Since Sargent’s arrival, she has started new programs; the seating has been changed; and there are plans to open a coffee bar, among other ideas.
“You have to be excited about what you’re doing, as opposed to sustaining an institution or a church just for the sake of it continuing to be there,” she says. “When a church or a faith or a congregation is inspired, it generates a momentum that other people want to be a part of. That’s where I think the spark of growth is.”
Religion In Action
Melanie Rush of Elmsford and Jackie Carr of Hastings, who both identify as atheist, are the co-organizers of the Secular Humanists of Westchester, a group whose aim is to “raise awareness and stir action among the humanists, atheists, agnostics, freethinkers, and other like-minded citizens in Westchester, Rockland, and Putnam Counties,” according to their Meetup.com page. Started in 2012, the group meets monthly, usually for dinner, and has about 120 members.
“For me, personally, I wanted to be with people who were like-minded about religion,” says Rush. “Even though I’ve been agnostic or atheist for many, many years, I didn’t start to feel alone until I had three losses in my family over just a couple years.” People started to tell her they were in a better place or looking down on them. “I don’t believe any of that, and it made me feel very alone. And that’s when I started seeking out atheist and/or secular groups,” she says.
In the Greater NYC area, according to the Religious Landscape Study, 24% of people identify as unaffiliated or religious “nones,” while 15% fall in the group who say they believe in “nothing in particular.”
How important do you consider religion in your life?
“I don’t currently identify with any specific religion, but I consider myself to be a spiritual person,” says Katie Corritori of Elmsford. “I grew up Catholic, and while I connected to the rituals, music, and some of the stories, I never felt really connected to mass in the way I feel connected to other practices as an adult, such as meditation.”
She’s not alone. In the Religious Landscape Study, about 41% of people in the NYC metro area said they meditate at least once a week. Professor Gardella from Manhattanville says people are much more interested in meditation and mindfulness these days than in the past.
Corritori hosts monthly women’s circles — in which women get together to journal, meditate, and set intentions — at The Ixchel Center in Hartsdale, and while she says these aren’t religious in nature, they are spiritual. “For me, meditation, visualization, writing, and creating sacred space all feel spiritual,” she says. “I connect deeply to myself and to my spirituality through these types of practices. I get clear and connect to my heart, rather than being in my head. Doing this in community feels like an even more sacred expression of our spiritual nature.”
So what is the state of religion in Westchester, then? While only so much can be garnered from stats and studies, it’s essentially a topical cousin to politics, with its don’t-talk-about-at-a-dinner-party (or post on social media) admonitions. It comes with ups and downs, changes and choices, and people, families, and communities trying to figure out what they identify with — and what works best for them.