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Diagnostic Tests

The Balance Center uses state-of-the-art technology to determine which of the body’s “balance” systems is not working properly. These tests include:

  • Computerized Dynamic Posturography (CDP) with SMART Balance Master equipment, developed by NASA. CDP is used to identify which of the three balance systems is impaired – the auditory system (hearing and vestibular), the proprioception system (sense of touch and feel by skin, joints and muscles) or vision. Sensory inputs from these systems interact with the brain to control motor functions. CDP provides information about balance function by testing under varying environmental conditions, such as walking surfaces of different textures and slopes or different head turn directions. This test is performed by a physical or occupational therapist.
  • A hearing test called audiometry, which measures hearing function in the inner ear. Hearing evaluations are important in vestibular diagnosis because of the influence that the inner ear has on balance. Audiograms provide a graphic record of hearing ability, which can be used to measure hearing loss. The test is performed by an audiologist.
  • Videonystagmography (VNG) is a diagnostic test conducted by an audiologist that analyzes eye movements to evaluate the vestibular function in the inner ear. The test shows if a dizziness or imbalance problem is due to inner ear disorders.

With these tests, the impairment causing imbalance may be identified, enabling therapists to provide focused, individualized balance training.

Vestibular/Balance Rehab at the Phelps Balance Center

A staff of highly qualified audiologists, occupational therapists and physical therapists work closely with each patient.

Individuals whose balance problems are caused by inner ear disorders can benefit from vestibular/balance rehabilitation. Before designing a treatment plan, a specialty-trained physical or occupational therapist will conduct a vestibular rehabilitation evaluation that includes tests for gaze, postural stability, strength, sensation, coordination, balance, vertigo and dizziness.

Therapies are tailored for each individual patient and may include positioning maneuvers for vertigo or exercises for dizziness management. The goal is to help patients compensate for imbalance and/or adapt to having less balance so that physical activity can be maintained and the risk of falls can be reduced.

For more information about the Balance Center at Phelps call 914-366-1170. For information on scheduling an audiometry or VNG test, call 914-366-3010.


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